Basic rules for seed selection on organic farms:

  1. The plant propagation material coming from organic production should be used on organic farms.
  2. The Main Inspectorate of Plant Health and Seed Inspection in Warsaw maintains a list of seed suppliers, seed material and vegetative propagating material produced organically.
  3. The seed material must meet the requirements regarding the production, quality and marketing, which are clarified in the Act of 9 November 2012 on seed (Dz. U. of 2012 item 1512, as amended) and the implementing Regulations.
  4. It is not allowed to use chemical seed treatment or cultivate GM crops on organic farms.

Organic farming and the legal protection of plant varieties:

  1. Growing by the use of organic methods use also plant varieties protected by an exclusive right!
  2. Production of the seed material of a protected variety can be done only with written consent (read: license) from a breeder being the holder of an exclusive right to a variety; a licensee is obliged also to pay a royalty to the breeder.
  3. The law allows the farmer to sow the harvested material of a variety protected by an exclusive right without written authorization from the breeder, subject to paying him the fee in the amount of 50% of the royalty for each kilogram of seed (this is the so-called the privilege of agricultural exemption).
  4. The obligation to pay for FSS applies equally to organic farms and conventional ones with the area > 10ha of the agricultural land (in case of planting the potato varieties) and > 25ha of the agricultural land (other species of agricultural plants).
  5. Note! Not all agricultural plant species are legally admitted to be used as the agricultural exemption (FSS)! (Check here)