FARM-SAVED SEED (FSS)

Propagating material – „shall be taken to mean plants or their parts intended for sowing, planting, grafting, budding or other method of propagation of plants, including the application of biotechnology”; in the case of a protected variety, the material collected from the seed plantation started and run under the authorization granted by a legitimate breeder.

Harvested material – „shall be taken to mean the plants or their parts produced as a result of the cultivation of a specified variety not intended to be used as propagating material”; material collected from the commercial plantation intended for use other than for sowing (e.g. for forage, in agri-food processing or for energy generation purposes).

Use of the harvested material as propagating material („Farm-saved seed”) – the use of „harvested material” as if it was „propagating material”. In the case of protected plant varieties is legal only if the material collected by the farmer was sown on land owned by the same farmer.

Agricultural land – all arable land that can be used to carry out production activities in agriculture, in the area of crop and livestock production, including horticultural, orchard and fish production (e.g. arable land, wasteland, fallow land, pastures, meadows, grassland, orchards and ponds). The agricultural land includes both own land and the one used under a written or verbal lease agreement or without any agreement.

The holder of agricultural land – the holder shall be determined: 1) the owner; 2) the one who has the use of the land, as if he was the owner; 3) a person who, under any legal title has the use of someone else’s land (lease, use); 4) the person who speaks agricultural land without legal title (e.g. cultivates someone’s wasteland without a contract).